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|Title:||Urinary excretion of purine derivatives as an index of microbial protein synthesis in the camel ('Camelus dromedaries')||Contributor(s):||Guerouali, Abdelhai (author); Gass, Youssef (author); Balcells, Joaquim (author); Belenguer, Alvaro (author); Nolan, John Vivian (author)||Publication Date:||2004||DOI:||10.1079/BJN20041208||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/3753||Abstract:||Five experiments were carried out to extend knowledge of purine metabolism in the camel ('Camelus dromedarius') and to establish a model to enable microbial protein outflow from the forestomachs to be estimated from the urinary excretion of purine derivatives (PD; i.e. xanthine, hypoxanthine, uric acid, allantoin). In experiment 1, four camels were fasted for five consecutive days to enable endogenous PD excretion in urine to be determined. Total PD excretion decreased during the fasting period to 267 (SE 41·5)μmol/kg body weight (W)0.75 per d. Allantoin and xanthine + hypoxanthine were consistently 86 and 6·1% of total urinary PD during this period but uric acid increased from 3·6% to 7·4%. Xanthine oxidase activity in tissues (experiment 2) was (μmol/min per g fresh tissue) 0·038 in liver and 0·005 in gut mucosa but was not detected in plasma. In experiment 3, the duodenal supply of yeast containing exogenous purines produced a linear increase in urinary PD excretion rate with the slope indicating that 0·63 was excreted in urine. After taking account of endogenous PD excretion, the relationship can be used to predict purine outflow from the rumen. From the latter prediction, and also the purine:protein ratio in bacteria determined in experiment 5, we predicted the net microbial outflow from the rumen. In experiment 4, with increasing food intake, the rate of PD excretion in the urine increased linearly by about 11·1 mmol PD/kg digestible organic matter intake (DOMI), equivalent to 95 g microbial protein/kg DOMI.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||British Journal of Nutrition, 92(2), p. 225-232||Publisher:||CABI Publishing||Place of Publication:||Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK||ISSN:||0007-1145||Field of Research (FOR):||070204 Animal Nutrition||Socio-Economic Outcome Codes:||830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 222
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