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Title: 'Fake News' in ASEAN: Legislative Responses
Contributor(s): Smith, Robert Brian  (author)orcid ; Perry, Mark  (author)orcid ; Smith, Nucharee Nuchkoom (author)
Publication Date: 2021-12-07
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.21512/jas.v9i2.7506
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Abstract: The research is a legal review based on the documentary research concept by comparing the development of legislative responses to fake news spread in Southeast Asia. Anti-fake news legislation focuses on the transmission of information by electronic means than print media. The analysis is carried out for each of the member states by including a clause-by-clause examination of the legislation and subsequent cases addressing legal issues associated with the laws. Several common factors should be addressed to provide a fairer and more transparent approach, including developing a clear-cut definition of fake news. Two key elements should be met in the definition of spreading of fake news: it should be the intentional spreading of misinformation or disinformation by design. The research suggests it would be better to develop anti-fake news legislation as either a standalone statute or a specific amendment to existing legislation than include fake news in omnibus legislation. Except in the most serious cases, creating, publishing, or distributing fake news illegality should be reduced from a criminal offence to an administrative offence, where the police issue a fine. Given the documented publishing and spreading of disinformation by state actors, their servants and agents, there should be an explicit "fake news" offence associated with the action of such persons.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: JAS: Journal of ASEAN Studies, 9(2), p. 117-137
Publisher: Bina Nusantara University, Department of International Relations
Place of Publication: Indonesia
ISSN: 2338-1353
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 480411 Media and communication law
480302 Comparative law
480301 Asian and Pacific law
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 230407 Legislation, civil and criminal codes
230404 Law enforcement
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Law

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