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Title: Mental Models of Poverty in Developing Nations: A Causal Mapping Analysis Using a Canada-Philippines Contrast
Contributor(s): Hine, Donald William  (author); Montiel, Cristina Jayme (author); Cooksey, Ray Wagner  (author); Lewko, John H (author)
Publication Date: 2005
DOI: 10.1177/0022022104273652
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Abstract: Causal mapping was used to compare poverty activists and non-activists from Canada and the Philippines (N = 80) in terms of their beliefs about the causes of poverty in developing nations. The causal maps varied as a function of both activist status and country of residence. Activists included more external societal causes in their maps than non-activists, whereas non-activists included more individualistic and internal societal causes. In terms of map structure, Filipino activists included significantly more causal links in their maps than members of the other three groups. A cluster analysis on distance ratios, an index of dissimilarity among the maps, produced three clusters dominated by Filipino non-activists, Canadian non-activists, and Filipino activists, respectively, and a fourth cluster that included a heterogeneous mix of respondents from all four groups. Implications for public education, the effective coordination of antipoverty interventions, and methodological issues related to causal mapping are discussed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 36(3), p. 283-303
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1552-5422
Field of Research (FOR): 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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