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Title: Efficacy of Written Modeling and Vicarious Reinforcement in Increasing Use of Problem-Solving Methods by Distressed Individuals
Contributor(s): Coates, Celia Jane (author); Malouff, John Michael  (author); Rooke, Sally Erin  (author)
Publication Date: 2008
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Abstract: The authors evaluated an application of social cognitive theory principles intended to increase adherence to a problem-solving intervention. The study included 132 adult volunteers who wanted to reduce their distress levels. All participants received group training in problemsolving methods. Before attempting to solve at least 1 distressing problem in their lives over the next 3 weeks, participants were randomly assigned to either (a) a modeling with vicarious reinforcement condition in which they received 3 personal anecdotes written by individuals who had successfully applied problem-solving methods to a real problem or (b) a control condition in which they received a fact sheet about problem solving. Word counts of problem-solving writing, self-reports of adherence, and observer ratings of adherence showed that participants in the vicarious reinforcement condition demonstrated significantly higher adherence than did those in the control condition. These results provide support for the effectiveness of symbolic modeling and vicarious reinforcement in increasing adherence to problem-solving methods by individuals who want to decrease their distress.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 142(4), p. 413-425
Publisher: Heldref Publications
Place of Publication: United States
ISSN: 0022-3980
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920410 Mental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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