Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/31638
Title: Emotional Intelligence Mediates the Connection Between Mindfulness and Gratitude: a Meta‑Analytic Structural Equation Modeling Study
Contributor(s): Schutte, Nicola S  (author)orcid ; Keng, Shian-Ling (author); Cheung, Mike W.-L. (author)
Publication Date: 2021-11
Early Online Version: 2021-09-09
DOI: 10.1007/s12671-021-01725-2
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/31638
Abstract: 

Objectives

This meta-analytic study examined average effect sizes across studies for the association between dispositional mindfulness and gratitude, dispositional mindfulness and emotional intelligence, and emotional intelligence and gratitude. The study also tested a model positing emotional intelligence as a path linking mindfulness and gratitude.

Methods

Two-stage structural equation modeling provided information regarding the association between mindfulness and gratitude across eight samples, the association between mindfulness and emotional intelligence across twenty-six samples, the association between emotional intelligence and gratitude across seven samples, and the mediating role of emotional intelligence in the association between mindfulness and gratitude. Samples were heterogeneous with varying populations.

Results

Across samples with a total of 3130 participants, greater mindfulness was significantly associated with more gratitude; r = .22, 95% CI [.16, .28], p < .001. In samples including 6369 participants, greater mindfulness was significantly associated with higher emotional intelligence; r = .40, 95% CI [.33, .47], p < .001. Among samples including 3998 participants, higher emotional intelligence was significantly associated with more gratitude; r = .31, 95% CI [.23, .39], p < .001. Emotional intelligence was a significant mediator of the association between mindfulness and gratitude. The indirect and direct effects were .11, 95% CI [.07, .16] and .11, 95% CI [.03, .19], ps < .05, respectively, with no significant difference between indirect and direct effects, χ2(df = 1) = 0.004, p > = .95.

Conclusions

The findings add to evidence supporting the beneficial nature of mindfulness. Mindfulness may be a foundation for a cascading development of positive characteristics that result in flourishing.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Mindfulness, 12(11), p. 2613-2623
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1868-8535
1868-8527
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520503 Personality and individual differences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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