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Title: Effects of feed enzymes on nutritive value of soyabean meal fed to broilers
Contributor(s): Kocher, Andreas (author); Choct, Mingan  (author)orcid ; Porter, Mark  (author); Broz, J (author)
Publication Date: 2002
DOI: 10.1080/00071660120109890
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Abstract: 1. The effects of two enzyme products on the nutritive value of soyabean meal (SBM) were investigated with the emphasis on changes in composition of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) along the digestive tract. Enzyme A was a commercially available product containing mainly hemicellulase, pectinase, β-glucanase and some protease activities and Enzyme B was an experimental product with mainly β-galactanase activity. 2. Enzymes were added at the recommended dosage (normal) and at 5 times the recommended dosage (high) to a semi-purified diet based on maize with SBM as the sole protein source. 3. The enzymes had no effect on digesta viscosity in the jejunum or ileum. 4. Enzyme A at the high dosage significantly (P<0·05) improved AMEN, reduced excreta moisture content and improved ileal protein digestibility. The addition of the same enzyme at the recommended dosage had no effect on any of the above parameters. 5. Analysis of the monosaccharide composition revealed that Enzyme A tended to reduce the amounts of rhamnose and galactose in the soluble and insoluble NSP fractions in the jejunal and ileal digesta. The reduction was significant (P<0·05) when the same enzyme was added at the high dosage. 6. Enzyme B significantly (P<0·05) improved AMEN of the diet but not the growth or the feed conversion ratio (FCR) of the birds. Enzyme B at the high dosage significantly reduced (P<0·05) ileal protein digestibility. 7. Enzyme B significantly (P<0·05) increased the amount of free sugars in the jejunum and reduced (P<0·05) the concentration of soluble NSP in the ileum. 8. Analysis of the monosaccharide composition in the jejunal and ileal digesta showed that this enzyme was highly effective in releasing galactose from both the soluble and insoluble NSP fractions. 9. It is concluded that glycanases with galactanase and pectinase activities supplemented at appropriate dosages can improve the digestibility of the NSP in SBM and increase the metabolisable energy content of the diet containing high levels of SBM. 10. Furthermore, the addition of Enzyme B at the high dosage significantly (P<0·05) reduced protein digestibility without any measurable reduction in growth performance.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: British Poultry Science, 43(1), p. 54-63
Publisher: Carfax Pulbishing Ltd
Place of Publication: London, UK
ISSN: 0007-1668
Field of Research (FOR): 070204 Animal Nutrition
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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