Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/31532
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dc.contributor.authorTiwari, Sitaen
dc.contributor.authorSindel, B Men
dc.contributor.authorSmart, Nen
dc.contributor.authorColeman, M Jen
dc.contributor.authorFyfe, Cen
dc.contributor.authorLawlor, Cen
dc.contributor.authorVo, Ben
dc.contributor.authorKristiansen, Pen
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-15T06:19:32Z-
dc.date.available2021-09-15T06:19:32Z-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, p. 1-16en
dc.identifier.issn1747-762Xen
dc.identifier.issn1473-5903en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/31532-
dc.description.abstractHand weeding is a common method of weed control on vegetable farms, especially in developing countries. It requires considerable physical labour and is a significant economic burden, yet comparative studies on hand weeding tools are rare. We evaluated the agronomic, ergonomic and economic performance of four hand weeding tools (and unweeded control) at two sites and two weed ages. Agronomic efficiency was evaluated based on the reduction in weed load from pre-weeding to post-weeding, economic efficiency based on the time taken to weed, and ergonomic efficiency based on heart rate and energy expenditure of the tool operator. Among the tools, the chipping hoe provided higher weed control efficiency than the rotating hoe and combined tool, and showed a lower average heart rate and workload than the combined tool. Ergonomic performance was superior in loam soil compared with clay. The light-weight chipping hoe provided better weed control than heavier tools while also reducing the workload of the weeder. Tools did not differ in economic performance, but the cost was 50% higher with late weeding. Viable hand weeding strategies require the optimization of tools for ergonomic performance and careful attention to timing of operations, thus benefiting economic performance.en
dc.languageenen
dc.publisherEarthscan Ltden
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Agricultural Sustainabilityen
dc.titleHand weeding tools in vegetable production systems: an agronomic, ergonomic and economic evaluationen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/14735903.2021.1964789en
local.contributor.firstnameSitaen
local.contributor.firstnameB Men
local.contributor.firstnameNen
local.contributor.firstnameM Jen
local.contributor.firstnameCen
local.contributor.firstnameCen
local.contributor.firstnameBen
local.contributor.firstnamePen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Science and Technologyen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Science and Technologyen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Science and Technologyen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.emailbsindel@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailnsmart2@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailmcolema8@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailcfyfe3@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailclawlor@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailbvo3@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailpkristi2@une.edu.auen
local.output.categoryC1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen
local.format.startpage1en
local.format.endpage16en
local.peerreviewedYesen
local.title.subtitlean agronomic, ergonomic and economic evaluationen
local.contributor.lastnameTiwarien
local.contributor.lastnameSindelen
local.contributor.lastnameSmarten
local.contributor.lastnameColemanen
local.contributor.lastnameFyfeen
local.contributor.lastnameLawloren
local.contributor.lastnameVoen
local.contributor.lastnameKristiansenen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:bsindelen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:nsmart2en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:mcolema8en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:cfyfe3en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:clawloren
dc.identifier.staffune-id:bvo3en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:pkristi2en
local.profile.orcid0000-0002-4100-218Xen
local.profile.orcid0000-0002-8290-6409en
local.profile.orcid0000-0003-0943-9768en
local.profile.orcid0000-0003-2116-0663en
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.identifier.unepublicationidune:1959.11/31532en
local.date.onlineversion2021-08-11-
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.title.maintitleHand weeding tools in vegetable production systemsen
local.relation.fundingsourcenoteThis project has been funded by Hort Innovation using the vegetable research and development levy and contributions from the Australian Government. We also acknowledge the financial support of a University of New England (UNE) scholarship and research grant for this research.en
local.output.categorydescriptionC1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journalen
local.search.authorTiwari, Sitaen
local.search.authorSindel, B Men
local.search.authorSmart, Nen
local.search.authorColeman, M Jen
local.search.authorFyfe, Cen
local.search.authorLawlor, Cen
local.search.authorVo, Ben
local.search.authorKristiansen, Pen
local.identifier.erajournal31062en
local.uneassociationYesen
local.atsiresearchNoen
local.sensitive.culturalNoen
local.year.available2021en
local.year.published2021en
local.subject.for2020300409 Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)en
local.subject.seo2020260505 Field grown vegetable cropsen
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science
School of Science and Technology
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