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Title: Long-term effects of early life L-arginine supplementation on growth performance, lymphoid organs and immune responses in Leghorn-type chickens
Contributor(s): Deng, Kai Dong (author); Wong, Chun Wai (author); Nolan, John Vivian  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2005
DOI: 10.1080/00071660500127449
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Abstract: 1. The effects of a short-term dietary arginine supplementation after hatching on subsequent growth and the immune system were assessed in growing male Leghorn-type chickens. 2. An arginine-deficient basal diet (6.7 g/kg) supplemented with 0 (control), 2.7 (LA) or 5.4 (HA) g L-arginine/kg, was offered 'ad libitum' to 1-d-old male ISA Brown chicks for 4 weeks, then all birds were offered 'ad libitum' a commercial pullet grower feed (8.9 g arginine/kg) for another 8 weeks. 3. Supplemented birds had higher growth rates and feed intake than control birds during the 4-week supplementation period, but these effects did not persist into the subsequent periods. 4. When the supplementation ceased at week 4, no differences in lymphoid organ weights relative to body weight (BW), primary serum antibody levels against sheep red blood cells (SRBC) or cutaneous reactivity of toe webs to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) were detected. 5. LA-fed birds had lower immunoglobulin (Ig) G levels against bovine serum albumin (BSA) than the control at week 4, but this effect did not persist at weeks 8 and 12. 6. No difference in anti-BSA IgM levels was detected among birds at week 4; at week 12, however, the LA-fed birds had a significantly higher anti-BSA IgM level than the control. 7. An increased anti-SRBC antibody level and a reduced relative bursa weight in HA-fed birds were evident at week 8, without any prior effects. 8. It is concluded that short-term supplementary L-arginine had minimal effects on immunity, but some enhancement of SRBC antibody responses in later stages of growth was observed with previous L-arginine administration.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: British Poultry Science, 46(3), p. 318-324
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0007-1668
Field of Research (FOR): 070705 Veterinary Immunology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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