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Title: The Association between Loneliness, Mental Well-Being, and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in Four Nordic Countries
Contributor(s): Lyyra, Nelli (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar Baldvin  (author)orcid ; Eriksson, Charli (author); Madsen, Katrine Rich (author); Tolvanen, Asko (author); Löfstedt, Petra (author); Välimaa, Raili (author)
Publication Date: 2021
Early Online Version: 2021-07-11
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18147405
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Abstract: Positive mental health is central to adolescent well-being. The present study examines the prevalence of loneliness and positive mental health indicators (mental well-being and self-esteem) in four Nordic countries and associations between loneliness, mental well-being, and high self-esteem. This study is based on data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study which was conducted in 2018 in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden. Participants were 5883 15-year-oldboys and girls. To examine the associations between loneliness, mental well-being, and self-esteem, structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied. In the comparison of Nordic countries, the prevalence of loneliness was highest among Finnish and Icelandic adolescents. Highmental well-being and high self-esteem were most prevalent in Denmark and Sweden. In general, boys scored higher on positive mental health indicators and girls on loneliness. Loneliness was also a strong indicator of low mental well-being and low self-esteem in all Nordic countries. Lonelinessis not only associated with mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, but it is also a risk factor for adolescents' positive mental health. Positive mental health is important for healthy maturation and there is a need to develop initiatives to reduce adolescent loneliness and so support positive development
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(14), p. 1-12
Publisher: MDPI AG
Place of Publication: Switzerland
ISSN: 1660-4601
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
200401 Behaviour and health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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