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Title: Core and peripheral site measurement of body temperature in short wool sheep
Contributor(s): Kearton, Tellisa R  (author); Doughty, Amanda K  (author); Morton, Christine L  (author)orcid ; Hinch, Geoff N  (author)orcid ; Godwin, Ian R  (author); Cowley, Frances C  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020-05
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2020.102606
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Abstract: Understanding circadian rhythms of body temperature is important for the interpretation of single body temperature measurements and the assessment of the physiological state of an animal. The ability to measure body temperature at peripheral locations may also be important in the development of minimally invasive tools for remote temperature measurement in livestock. This study aimed to investigate how well body temperature measured at peripheral sites reflected a commonly used core measurement (vaginal temperature) and the circadian rhythmicity of the body temperature of sheep with a view to practical application in extensive sheep production systems. Eleven crossbred ewes were implanted with peripheral temperature sensing microchips (LifeChip®) which were positioned transversely in the sternocleidomastoid (neck) muscle and subcutaneously under the tail. iButton® temperature loggers were placed intravaginally to record core body temperature measurements (Tv). The body temperature measurements observed at the peripheral sites in the neck (Tn) and tail (Tt) differed significantly to those measured at the core site, Tv (P < 0.05), with Tn lower than Tv and Tt lower than both Tv and Tn. Similarities in circadian rhythm patterns were observed across the day between Tv, Tn and Tt in repeated measures analysis, with a short period of difference between Tv and Tn (from 1400 to 1600 h) and a long period of difference between Tv and Tt (from 1000 to 2100 h) (P < 0.05). These results suggest that neck muscle temperature measurements may have utility in detecting circadian rhythm patterns in core temperature in sheep, but may not accurately reflect absolute core temperatures. Peripheral measures may require adjustment or correction to more accurately reflect absolute core temperature with respect to determining accurate clinical thresholds relative to the expected normal temperature for the time of day observed. Further investigation into the utility and application of peripheral measurement of body temperature is warranted.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Thermal Biology, v.90, p. 1-8
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1879-0992
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300302 Animal management
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100413 Sheep for wool
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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