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Title: Buffered formic acid and a monoglyceride blend coordinately alleviate subclinical necrotic enteritis impact in broiler chickens
Contributor(s): Gharib-Naseri, Kosar  (author)orcid ; Kheravii, Sarbast K  (author); Li, Lily  (author); Wu, Shu-Biao  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2021-08
Early Online Version: 2021-04-24
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2021.101214
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2 different doses of a partially buffered formic acid product (Amasil NA; 61% formic acid, 20.5% sodium formate), and a monoglyceride blend of short- and medium-chain fatty acids (BalanGut LS P) on necrotic enteritis (NE) infected broilers in terms of performance, intestinal microbial population and shortchain fatty acids concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract. A total of 528-day-old as hatched Ross 308 broilers were allocated to 48 pens with 11 birds in each pen. Six dietary treatments applied in the study were: T1) nonsupplemented diet (Control); T2) antibiotic supplemented diets; T3) and T4) high (Starter: 0.5%; Grower and Finisher: 0.5%) and low (Starter: 0.3%; Grower and Finisher: 0.2%) dose of Amasil NA; and groups T5) and T6) high (Starter: 0.3%; Grower and Finisher: 0.2%) and low dose (Starter: 0.3%; Grower: 0.15%; Finisher: 0.075%) of (BalanGut LS P). All birds in this study were fed starter (d 0-10), grower (d 11−24) and finisher (d 25−35) diets and challenged with NE. To induce subclinical NE, oral administrations of Eimeria oocysts (d 9) followed by inoculation of Clostridium perfringens strains (d 14 and 15) were applied. Results showed that birds fed the high dose of Amasil NA, had a higher feed conversion ratio (FCR, P < 0.05) compared to the nonsupplemented group during the starter period. Antibiotic supplementation reduced FCR during the grower (P < 0.001), finisher (P < 0.05) and overall (P < 0.001) periods of the experiment. Both levels of BalanGut LS P and low levels of Amasil NA enhanced overall FCR (P < 0.05) compared to the birds in the nonsupplemented group. Compared to the nonsupplemented group, high levels of Amasil NA and low levels of BalanGut LS P improved FCR in the finisher stage (P < 0.05). On d 16, cecum digesta of birds fed with antibiotic supplemented diets showed a significantly lower number of C. perfringens (P < 0.001) compared to the nonsupplemented and high level of BalanGut LS P group. Bacillus (P < 0.01) and Ruminococcus numbers were significantly lower in the birds fed with high level of Amasil NA (P < 0.05) compared to the antibiotic supplemented diets. High doses of Amasil NA, showed the highest propionate concentration in the cecum (P < 0.001). The study suggests that supplementation of BalanGut LS P and Amasil NA at different feeding phases may achieve optimal performance improvement in broilers under NE challenge.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Poultry Science, 100(8), p. 1-10
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1525-3171
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300304 Animal protection (incl. pests and pathogens)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100411 Poultry
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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