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Title: Interactive effect of 2 dietary calcium and phytase levels on broilers challenged with subclinical necrotic enteritis: part 1 - broiler performance, gut lesions and pH, bacterial counts, and apparent ileal digestibility
Contributor(s): Zanu, H K  (author)orcid ; Kheravii, S K  (author); Morgan, N K  (author)orcid ; Bedford, M R  (author); Swick, R A  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020-10
Early Online Version: 2020-06-26
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.05.033
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This study investigated the hypothesis that high dietary calcium (Ca) would stimulate necrotic enteritis (NE) and reduce performance, gut health, and nutrient digestibility, and if increased, phytase would reduce NE. Ross 308 male broilers (n = 768) were randomly distributed to 8 treatments in a factorial arrangement. Factors were NE challenge (no or yes), phytase level (500 or 1,500 FTU/kg using 500 FTU/kg matrix values), and Ca level (0.6 or 1.0% starter, 0.5 or 0.9% grower, 0.4 or 0.8% finisher) with the same level of available P (0.40 S, 0.35 G, and 0.35 F). There were 48 pens, 16 birds per pen and 6 replications. Half of the birds were challenged with Eimeria spp on day 9 and 108 CFU per mL of Clostridium perfringens strain EHE-NE18 on day 14 and 15. Gain was higher in birds fed high phytase on day 14 (P < 0.01), day 21 (P < 0.01), day 28 (P < 0.01), and day 35 (P < 0.01). Birds fed high phytase had greater livability on day 21 (P < 0.01). Ca was more digestible in high-Ca diets on day 16, and an NE × Ca interaction (P < 0.05) showed this effect to be more pronounced in unchallenged than in challenged birds. A challenge × Ca interaction for apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of crude protein (CP) (P < 0.05) indicated lower AID of CP in challenged birds fed high Ca. The challenge decreased AID of Ca (P < 0.01). Ca level had no impact on C. perfringens count, but it decreased Lactobacillus (P < 0.05) and Bifidobacteria (P < 0.05) populations in the ceca. High dietary Ca decreased feed conversion ratio. Overall (42 D), the highest WG was observed in unchallenged birds fed high Ca and high phytase with the lowest WG observed in NE-challenged birds fed low Ca and low phytase. The results suggest that full matrix values for high doses of phytase may be appropriate during NE challenge.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Poultry Science, 99(10), p. 4861-4873
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1525-3171
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300303 Animal nutrition
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100411 Poultry
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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