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Title: Interactive effect of dietary calcium and phytase on broilers challenged with subclinical necrotic enteritis: part 2. Gut permeability, phytate ester concentrations, jejunal gene expression, and intestinal morphology
Contributor(s): Zanu, Holy K  (author)orcid ; Kheravii, S K  (author)orcid ; Morgan, N K  (author)orcid ; Bedford, M R  (author); Swick, R A  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020-10
Early Online Version: 2020-07-03
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.06.030
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Abstract: Calcium has the capacity to interact with phytate-P to form Ca-phytate complexes and decrease the ability of exogenous phytase to degrade phytic acid. This study investigated the hypothesis that high dietary Ca would impair gut permeability, phytate esters (inositol x-phosphate, IPx: IP3, IP4, IP5, and IP6) degradation, jejunal gene expression, and intestinal morphology. Ross 308 day-old male broilers (n = 768) were distributed into 48-floor pens each housing 16 birds in a factorial arrangement. Factors wereNE challenge - no or yes; phytase level of 500 or 1,500 FTU/kg, and Ca level 0.6 or 1.0% starter, 0.5 or 0.9% grower, 0.4 or 0.8% finisher with available P in each phase. Challenged birds were gavaged with 3 field strains of Eimeria on day 9 and 108 CFU per mL of Clostridium perfringens Strain EHE-NE18 on day 14 and day 15. A phytase × Ca interaction was observed in the ileum for IP3(P < 0.01), IP4 (P < 0.05), and IP6 (P < 0.01).The IP3 and IP4 concentrations were similar for both doses of phytase in the presence of low Ca, but with high Ca, both increased significantly but to a greater extent when the high dose of phytase was used. While IP6 concentrations were low and similar between both doses of phytase at low Ca levels, increasing dietary Ca levels increased IP6 concentrations regardless of phytase dose, but the effect was greater in the low phytase diet. A phytase × Ca interaction was detected for vitamin D receptor (VDR) (P < 0.05) expression where bird fed low phytase and low Ca recorded the highest expression of VDR, all other treatments being equivalent. The challenge decreased crypt depth to villus height ratio (P < 0.001). Challenge birds had higher fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran (P < 0.05) in blood compared with unchallenged birds. Thus, high Ca and high phytase, while not the best for IP6 destruction, did not lead to huge reductions in indicators of gut health.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Poultry Science, 99(10), p. 4914-4928
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1525-3171
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300303 Animal nutrition
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100411 Poultry
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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