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Title: Collective harmony as a moderator of the association between other-referent upward counterfactual thinking and depression
Contributor(s): Broomhall, Anne Gene (author); Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020
Early Online Version: 2020-01-18
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1080/23311908.2020.1714833Open Access Link
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Abstract: The current study aimed to investigate a recently observed significant positive relationship between other-referent upward counterfactual thinking and depressive symptoms in a Filipino sample by exploring whether collectivist harmony may determine when other-referent upward counterfactual thinking confers risk for depression. An online survey was completed by 598 university-educated residents of the Philippines (Mage = 29.74, SD = 10.27; Range = 18 to 71). As hypothesised, both other-referent upward counterfactuals and collective harmony were significantly positively associated with depression. A moderation analysis revealed that other-referent upward counterfactual thinking was positively related to depression at low and moderate levels of harmony but not at high levels of harmony. This interaction suggests that generating other-referent upward counterfactuals may increase depression among individuals who adhere to low or moderate harmony maintenance norms, and that individuals with high harmony are likely to experience high levels of depression irrespective of their generation of other-referent upward counterfactuals. However, the predictive effect of this interaction was small, which may limit its practical significance. Possible implications of these results are discussed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Cogent Psychology, 7(1), p. 1-18
Publisher: Cogent OA
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 2331-1908
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920410 Mental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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