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Title: Multi-carbohydrase effects on energy utilization depend on soluble non-starch polysaccharides-to-total non-starch polysaccharides in broiler diets
Contributor(s): Musigwa, Sosthene  (author)orcid ; Cozannet, Pierre (author); Morgan, Natalie  (author)orcid ; Swick, Robert A  (author)orcid ; Wu, Shu-Biao  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2021-02
Early Online Version: 2020-11-04
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.10.038
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Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), especially in water-soluble form, are a common anti-nutritional factor in cereal-based poultry diets. Consequently, carbohydrases are applied to diets to combat the negative effects of NSP on bird performance and health, particularly when feeding viscous grains. This study investigated the effect of supplementing multi-carbohydrases (MC) to broiler diets containing either low (LS) or high (HS) soluble NSP (sNSP) to total NSP (tNSP) ratios on energy partitioning, nitrogen (N) balance, and performance. A 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (MC, no or yes; sNSP/tNSP, LS vs. HS) was applied, resulting in 4 dietary treatments, each replicated 8 times. These treatments were fed to Ross 308 broilers in closed-circuit indirect calorimetry chambers, with 2 birds (a male and a female) per replicate chamber (n = 64). The results showed that MC addition increased AME, net energy (NE), and AME/gross energy, regardless of sNSP/tNSP content (P < 0.01 for all). There was an MC × sNSP/tNSP interaction for feed intake (FI, P < 0.05), denoting that in the absence of MC, the HS-fed birds had lower FI than LS-fed birds, but this difference was eliminated when MC was present. There were MC × sNSP/tNSP interactions observed for AME intake (AMEi) per metabolic BW (BW0.70, P < 0.05), AMEi/N retention (Nr, P < 0.01), NE intake (NEi)/Nr (P < 0.05), retained energy (RE) as fat per total RE (REf/RE, P < 0.01), and N efficiency (Nr/N intake, P < 0.05). These interactions showed that MC application increased AMEi/BW0.70, AMEi/Nr, NEi/Nr, and REf/RE only in the HS-fed birds, and N efficiency only in the LS-fed broilers. This study demonstrated that MC application markedly increased feed energy utilization in all diets, and increased N efficiency in birds fed an LS diet.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Poultry Science, 100(2), p. 788-796
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1525-3171
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070204 Animal Nutrition
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300303 Animal nutrition
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830309 Poultry
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100411 Poultry
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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