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Title: Dual-process cognitive profiles associated with substance abuse and treatment outcomes
Contributor(s): Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid ; Vince, Adrian J (author)
Publication Date: 2019
DOI: 10.1111/ap.12394
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Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to identify dual‐process cognitive profiles in an Australian sample and to examine how the profiles were associated with substance use and treatment outcomes.
Method: A total of 242 adults were recruited using convenience sampling (n = 123) and from a substance abuse treatment program (n = 119). All participants completed a web‐based survey that included the Rational‐Experiential Inventory and substance use measures. In‐treatment participants also completed treatment outcome measures.
Results: Cluster analysis of 242 rational and experiential thinking style scores identified four profiles comprising individuals who reported high rationality and low experientiality, low rationality and high experientiality, high rationality and high experientiality, or low rationality and low experientiality. Profiles that included low rationality reported the highest substance use and were overrepresented by in‐treatment participants. Profiles that included high rationality were associated with the best treatment outcomes, even when accompanied by high experientiality.
Conclusions: These findings are in line with dual‐process theory and suggest that: (a) individuals who are at risk of abusing substances may benefit from strategies that increase cognitive control, and (b) treatment programs may produce better outcomes if they incorporate strategies to increase cognitive control.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian Psychologist, 54(5), p. 372-381
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1742-9544
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920410 Mental Health
920414 Substance Abuse
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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