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Title: Short video game play improves executive function in the oldest old living in residential care
Contributor(s): McCord, Alex (author); Cocks, Bernadine  (author)orcid ; Barreiros, Ana Rita (author); Bizo, Lewis A  (author)
Publication Date: 2020-07
Early Online Version: 2020-03-09
DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2020.106337
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Abstract: Action video game play as a form of cognitive training shows promise, but has not been widely tested with participants exclusively over age 80 years. Age-related decline in executive function produces widely varying levels of ability to function independently. This study aimed to examine the change in executive functioning after a 3-week action video game intervention in healthy adults aged 80–97 years living in residential care. Participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental or care-as-usual control group: experimental participants played Star Wars Battlefront©, a commercially available video game, for six supervised sessions of 30 min each. Participants completed neuropsychological and quality of life assessments pre-training, post-training, and one month later. The experimental group showed significant improvement in the visual attention and task switching domains, in both post-test and follow-up sessions. Working memory also improved in the experimental group; however, after one month of no game play, memory performance regressed toward baseline levels. Results support the incorporation of video game play as a leisure option for older adults, which may also play a role in enhancing cognitive health. The findings extend previous research conducted below age 80 years to the oldest-old, an age group in which longitudinal follow up data is limited.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Computers in Human Behavior, v.108, p. 1-8
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1873-7692
Field of Research (FOR): 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
111702 Aged Health Care
170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920502 Health Related to Ageing
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology
School of Rural Medicine

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