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|Title:||Recombinant Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Does Not Inhibit The Growth Of African Trypanosomes In Axenic Cultures||Contributor(s):||Kitani, Hiroshi (author); Black, Samuel J. (author); Nakamura, Yoshio (author); Naessens, Jan (author); Murphy, Noel B. (author); Yokomizo, Yuichi (author); Gibson, John Paul (author); Iraqi, Fuad (author)||Publication Date:||2003||DOI:||10.1128/IAI.70.4.2210-2214.2002||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/2998||Abstract:||Mice whose tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) genes were disrupted developed higher levels of parasitemia than wild-type mice following infection with 'Trypanosoma congolense' IL1180 or T. 'brucei brucei' GUTat3.1, confirming the results of earlier studies. To determine whether TNF-α directly affects the growth of these and other bloodstream forms of African trypanosomes, we studied the effects of recombinant mouse, human, and bovine TNF-α on the growth of two isolates of T. 'congolense', IL1180 and IL3338, and two isolates of T. 'brucei brucei', GUTat3.1 and ILTat1.1, under axenic culture conditions. The preparations of recombinant TNF-α used were biologically active as determined by their capacity to kill L929 cells. Of five recombinant TNF-α lots tested, one lot of mouse TNF-α inhibited the growth of both isolates of T. 'brucei brucei' and one lot of bovine TNF-α inhibited the growth of T. 'brucei brucei' ILTat1.1 but only at very high concentrations and without causing detectable killing of the parasites. The other lots of mouse recombinant TNF-α, as well as human TNF-α, did not affect the growth of any of the test trypanosomes even at maximal concentrations that could be attained in the culture systems (3,000 to 15,000 U of TNF-α/ml of medium). These results suggest that exogenously added recombinant TNF-α generally does not inhibit the growth of African trypanosomes under the culture conditions we used. The impact of TNF-α on 'trypanosome parasitemia' may be indirect, at least with respect to the four strains of trypanosomes reported here.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||Infection and Immunity, 70(4), p. 2210-2214||Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology||Place of Publication:||United States||ISSN:||0019-9567||Field of Research (FOR):||070201 Animal Breeding||Socio-Economic Objective (SEO):||830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 252|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Article|
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