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Title: TOPS Study 2: Thinking of the Possible Self Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Sensitivity to Change Resulting from the Best Possible Self Exercise
Contributor(s): Schutte, Nicola  (creator)orcid ; Malouff, John 
Publication Date: 2021-01-06
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.25952/5fff701c5bdecOpen Access Link
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Abstract/Context: Two studies investigated whether thinking about the best possible future self might be an individual-difference characteristic. In Study 1, 325 adults rated themselves on items derived from the Best Possible Self activity and completed measures related to the validity of the proposed characteristic. Exploratory factor analyses suggested a one-factor structure for the proposed characteristic. .A measure of the proposed trait of thinking about the future self (TOPS) was created. In Study 1, the scale had an internal consistency of .95. Associations between thinking about the best possible future self with positive affect, optimism and life satisfaction contributed information regarding construct validity. Associations with the Big Five personality dimensions contributed information regarding discriminant validity. In Study 2, 224 adults completed the TOPS scale and a measure of state positive affect. After completing the pre-test measures, participants were randomly assigned to a Best Possible Self activity or a control condition, after which they completed a state-level TOPS measure and again completed the state measure of positive affect. A confirmatory factor analysis showed a marginally acceptable fit to the results of the exploratory factor analysis of Study 1 and in Study 2 both the trait and state TOPS measures showed good internal consistency at .95 and .98 respectively. Compared to participants in the control condition, those in the Best Possible Self exercise condition scored higher on state TOPS, which mediated the effect of condition on positive affect. The results suggest that the proposed new characteristic may be a psychological strength.
Publication Type: Dataset
Fields of Research (FOR): 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520199 Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Keywords: Best possible self
Validity data
Exploratory factor analysis
Positive psychology
HERDC Category Description: X Dataset
Description: File requires CMA (Comprehensive Meta-Analysis) software to read.
Project: The Individual-Difference Characteristic of Thinking about the Best Possible Self
Dataset Managed By: John Malouff
Rights Holder: John Malouff
Dataset Stored at: University of New England, Australia
Primary Contact Details: John Malouff -
Dataset Custodian Details: John Malouff -
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School of Psychology

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