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Title: Genetic parameters for milk yield in imported Jersey and Jersey-Friesian cows using daily milk records in Sri Lanka
Contributor(s): Samaraweera, A M  (author)orcid ; Boerner, Vinzent  (author); Cyril, Hewa Waduge (author); van der Werf, Julius  (author)orcid ; Hermesch, Susanne  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020-11
Early Online Version: 2020-02-25
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.5713/ajas.19.0798
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Abstract: Objective
Estimate genetic parameters for milk yield traits using daily milk yield records from parlour data generated in an intensively managed commercial dairy farm with Jersey and Jersey-Friesian cows in Sri Lanka.
Genetic parameters were estimated for first and second lactation predicted and realized 305-day milk yield using univariate animal models. Genetic parameters were also estimated for total milk yield for each 30-day intervals of the first lactation using univariate animal models and for daily milk yield using random regression models fitting second-order Legendre polynomials and assuming heterogeneous residual variances. Breeding values for predicted 305-day milk yield were estimated using an animal model.
For the first lactation, the heritability of predicted 305-day milk yield in Jersey cows (0.08 ± 0.03) was higher than that of Jersey-Friesian cows (0.02 ± 0.01). The second lactation heritability estimates were similar to that of first lactation. The repeatability of the daily milk records was 0.28 ± 0.01 and the heritability ranged from 0.002 ± 0.05 to 0.19 ± 0.02 depending on day of milk. Pearson product-moment correlations between the bull EBVs in Australia and bull EBVs in Sri Lanka for 305-day milk yield were 0.39 in Jersey cows and -0.35 in Jersey-Friesian cows.
The heritabilities estimated for milk yield in Jersey and Jersey-Friesian cows in Sri Lanka were low, and were associated with low additive genetic variances for the traits. Sire differences in Australia were not expressed in the tropical low-country of Sri Lanka. Therefore, genetic progress achieved by importing genetic material from Australia can be expected to be slow. This emphasizes the need for a within-country evaluation of bulls to produce locally adapted dairy cows.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 33(11), p. 1741-1754
Publisher: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies
Place of Publication: Republic of Korea
ISSN: 1976-5517
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070201 Animal Breeding
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300305 Animal reproduction and breeding
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830302 Dairy Cattle
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100402 Dairy cattle
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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