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Title: Institutionalising federalism in Nepal: operationalising obstacles, procrastinated progress
Contributor(s): Acharya, Keshav Kumar (author); Zafarullah, Habib  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020
Early Online Version: 2020-08-12
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1108/PAP-03-2020-0013
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Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore how local government bodies in Nepal are empowered to play their constitutional roles and engage in activities to deliver public services at the doorsteps of the people effectively. The focus is on the institutionalisation of federalism, its implications for local governance, and capacity development of local authorities.
Design/methodology/approach - Ideas of decentralisation, governance and public management have been used to interpret findings based on qualitative research methods by key informant interviews, focus group discussions and personal observations conducted in five selected municipalities in Nepal.
Findings - The process of operationalising the power of local government bodies is more conventional and hierarchic. At the same time, the formulation and implementation of inclusive plans and budgeting are confined with certain formalities that do not necessarily allow citizens the space for voices. Federal government grants constrain fiscal jurisdiction and control over resource mobilisation. The mere preparation and administration of local government legislation and relevant by-laws have weakened the capacity of local government bodies.
Originality/value - From interpretation of first-hand data, this paper has identified the pitfalls of the federalisation process, the constraints deter the devolution of power to local bodies as well as the transformation of local governments into autonomous institutions in Nepal.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Public Administration and Policy: an Asia-Pacific Journal, 23(2), p. 125-139
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 2517-679X
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 441001 Applied sociology, program evaluation and social impact assessment
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 940203 Political Systems
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 230203 Political systems
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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