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Title: The National Special Needs Education Policy Framework (2009) of Kenya: Its Impact on Teachers' Instructional Design and Practice in Inclusive Classrooms in Kenya
Contributor(s): Mutuota, Rose Njoki (author); Sims, Margaret  (supervisor)orcid ; Charteris, Jennifer  (supervisor)orcid 
Conferred Date: 2020-02-07
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: Including students with disabilities in mainstream classrooms is considered an important factor in meeting the needs and ensuring the rights of students with disabilities. In 2009 Kenya passed The National Special Needs Education Policy Framework which, while it made the inclusion of students with disabilities a formal policy, the strategies for inclusion remain unresolved.
This study was conducted in two phases; the first used a Western methodology (Universal Design for Learning) and the second an Indigenous Gīkūyū methodology. Eight teachers and four principals were interviewed and eight classrooms were observed in four schools in Kenya to identify the inclusive strategies employed by the teachers. Results were analysed using thematic analysis. The findings of the study showed ways in which Kenyan teachers used Gīkūyū Indigenous strategies, drawn from Gīkūyū knowledges, to support students in inclusive classrooms. The study also highlighted the importance of revitalising Gīkūyū knowledges, values and practices in schools.
The research adds to the scholarship on the place of Indigenous knowledges, values and practices in schools to support students with and without disabilities, and the place of family relationships and family-school partnerships among the Gīkūyū in inclusive education. This study has the potential to inform educational policy and practice in Kenya specifically and in Africa generally. It has created the space for the voices of Gīkūyū teachers and principals to be heard in their pursuit to preserve Gīkūyū knowledges that have for centuries supported the care and education of children with disabilities through strong family and group relationships.
Publication Type: Thesis Doctoral
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 130299 Curriculum and Pedagogy not elsewhere classified
130312 Special Education and Disability
130313 Teacher Education and Professional Development of Educators
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 390199 Curriculum and pedagogy not elsewhere classified
390407 inclusive education
390305 Professional education and training
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 930199 Learner and Learning not elsewhere classified
930202 Teacher and Instructor Development
939907 Special Needs Education
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 160303 Teacher and instructor development
160203 Inclusive education
HERDC Category Description: T2 Thesis - Doctorate by Research
Description: The datasets associated with this thesis can be accessed at:
Appears in Collections:School of Education
Thesis Doctoral

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