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Title: Crude protein-content of fat-free muscle and viscera in sheep
Contributor(s): Dougherty, Holland  (author)orcid ; Evered, Mark  (author); Oltjen, James (author); Oddy, Hutton  (author)orcid ; Hegarty, Roger  (author)
Publication Date: 2020
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: The nutritional effects of variation in feed supply and subsequent compensatory gain can play a significant role in cattle and beef production, due to their effects on carcass quality and feed costs. A system that predicts changes in fat and protein content of muscle and viscera in animals of different life stages and nutritional histories could therefore assist management to optimize performance and reduce costs of feed. A method has been developed to simultaneously estimate body composition and nutrient requirements of ruminants. This method estimates body composition from the difference in energy balance derived from ME intake and heat production from ME intake and protein content of muscle and viscera. Information on protein content of fat free mass in viscera and muscle (all non-viscera components of the body) is required by this new method. Data from the literature was combined with unpublished data from a study conducted in growing lambs. This experiment tested the effects of ad libitum intake of diets of varying energy density and added RUP on performance and carcass composition of lambs that had been previously restricted or unrestricted prior to a 12-13 week finishing phase, and both carcass and viscera components were chemically analysed on an individual basis. On a fat-free basis, muscle crude protein averaged 20.8%, with no effect of nutritional history or current diet; these numbers are in agreement with literature values, which lie between the range of 20-24% and which do not appear to vary substantially with age in postweaning sheep. In the same sheep, crude protein of viscera was affected by past and current nutritional state, and ranged from 15.3 to 16.2 % crude protein on a fat-free basis, averaging 15.7%. These values are within range of the limited literature data available on visceral composition. This data is use to parameterize functions describing growth of viscera and changes in heat production over time. This contributes to the method we have developed to estimate nutritional effects on body composition.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: ASAS-CSAS 2020: 2020 American Society of Animal Science and Canadian Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting and Trade Show, Online Event, 19th - 23rd July, 2020
Source of Publication: p. 1-2
Place of Publication: Online
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070204 Animal Nutrition
070103 Agricultural Production Systems Simulation
070203 Animal Management
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300303 Animal nutrition
300205 Agricultural production systems simulation
300302 Animal management
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830310 Sheep - Meat
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100412 Sheep for meat
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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Appears in Collections:Conference Publication
School of Environmental and Rural Science
School of Science and Technology

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