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Title: The relationship between early maladaptive schemas and interpersonal problems: A meta-analytic review
Contributor(s): Janovsky, Thomas  (author)orcid ; Rock, Adam J  (author)orcid ; Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid ; Clark, Gavin I (author)orcid ; Murray, Clara V  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2020-05
Early Online Version: 2020-02-29
DOI: 10.1002/cpp.2439
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Abstract: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) have been hypothesized to be associated with interpersonal problems. Furthermore, a stronger contention is that EMSs impact negatively on, or cause, interpersonal problems. The aims of this meta-analysis were (a) to assess the strength of the association between EMSs and interpersonal problems, (b) clarify which EMSs are most strongly associated with interpersonal problems, (c) examine any possible moderators on the relationship between EMSs and interpersonal problems, and (d) examine whether any empirical evidence exists supporting a causal relationship between EMSs and interpersonal problems. A comprehensive systematic literature search and meta-analysis were conducted using the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. A total of 49 empirical studies were reviewed investigating EMSs and interpersonal problems. EMSs were found to have a moderate positive association with interpersonal problems with different EMSs having small to moderate effect sizes. To date, there has been limited evidence supporting a causal effect of EMSs on interpersonal problems. Possible limitations and avenues for future research were discussed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 27(3), p. 408-447
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1099-0879
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 111714 Mental Health
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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