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Title: Comparative Quality-of-Life Perspectives of Older Australians With and Without Intellectual Disability
Contributor(s): Hussain, R  (author); Parmenter, T  (author); Wark, S  (author)orcid ; Janicki, M  (author); Knox, M  (author)
Publication Date: 2019
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Abstract: Introduction: Experienced and perceptual evidence on quality-of-life (QoL) of older Australians with and without intellectual disability using comparable validated measurement scales is limited. To examine possible differences, a study was undertaken to compare experienced and perceived QoL across these two groups to better understand their underlying health and social needs.
Methods: Community-based cross-sectional survey of participants aged 60–87 years (ID, n = 391; without-ID, n = 920). QoL was assessed using the Cummins Well-Being Scales (PW-ID for ID and PWA for without-ID) and Medical Outcomes Study:Short Form-12 (MOS-SF- 12). The SF-12 data was categorised into Physical and Mental Component Scores (PCS and MCS).
Results: The mean QoL score was 55.5 (SD ± 9.1) for PW-ID and 50.8 (SD ± 12.7) for PWA. The mean PCS and MCS values were 45.8 (SD ± 9.9) and 50.4 (SD ± 9.9) for the ID group and 42.9 (SD ± 12.1) and 51.2 (SD ± 10.0) for without ID group. For both groups, the range for all three QoL indices was sufficiently large so as to indicate great variability in perceived and experienced QoL between the two groups.
Implications: Our findings of PwID reporting higher QoL is consistent with other studies across various age groups; and reflect a range of underlying perceptual issues. Policy makers and program administrators need to consider the experienced and perceived QoL of older Australians when attempting to customize and coordinate required aging-related supports across both the disability and aged-care sectors.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: IASSIDD 2019: World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 6th - 9th August, 2019
Source of Publication: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 63(7), p. 842-842
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1365-2788
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 111703 Care for Disabled
111708 Health and Community Services
111712 Health Promotion
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 420318 People with disability
420305 Health and community services
420603 Health promotion
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
920506 Rural Health
920206 Health Inequalities
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200403 Disability and functional capacity
200508 Rural and remote area health
200204 Health inequalities
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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Appears in Collections:Conference Publication
School of Rural Medicine

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