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Title: Romantic Attraction and Substance Use in 15-Year-Old Adolescents from Eight European Countries
Contributor(s): Kolto, Andras (author); Cosma, Alina (author); Young, Honor (author); Moreau, Nathalie (author); Pavlova, Daryna (author); Tesler, Riki (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid ; Vieno, Alessio (author); Saewyc, Elizabeth M (author); Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic (author)
Publication Date: 2019-08-23
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16173063
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Abstract: Sexual minority youth are at higher risk of substance use than heterosexual youth. However, most evidence in this area is from North America, and it is unclear whether the findings can be generalized to other cultures and countries. In this investigation, we used data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study to compare substance use in same- and both-gender attracted 15-year-old adolescents from eight European countries (n = 14,545) to that of their peers who reported opposite-gender attraction or have not been romantically attracted to anyone. Both-gender attracted, and to a lesser extent, same-gender attracted adolescents were significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes, consume alcohol, get drunk and use cannabis, or be involved in multiple substance use in the last 30 days compared to their opposite-gender attracted peers. Those adolescents who have not been in love had significantly lower odds for substance use than all other youth. The pattern of results remained the same after adjusting for country, gender and family affluence. These findings are compatible with the minority stress and romantic stress theories. They suggest that sexual minority stigma (and love on its own) may contribute to higher substance use among adolescents in European countries.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(17), p. 1-21
Publisher: MDPI AG
Place of Publication: Switzerland
ISSN: 1660-4601
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 130308 Gender, Sexuality and Education
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 390406 Gender, sexuality and education
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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