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Title: Socio-economic distribution of environmental risk factors for childhood injury
Contributor(s): Turner, Joseph V  (author)orcid ; Spallek, Melanie (author); Najman, Jake M (author); Bain, Christopher (author); Purdie, David M (author); Nixon, James (author); Scott, Debbie (author); McClure, Roderick  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2006-12
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2006.tb00778.xOpen Access Link
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Abstract: Objective: Childhood injury remains the single most important cause of mortality in children aged between 1-14 years in many countries. It has been proposed that lower socio-economic status (SES) and poorer housing contribute to potential hazards in the home environment. This study sought to establish whether the prevalence of observed hazards in and around the home was differentially distributed by SES, in order to identify opportunities for injury prevention.
Methods: This study was a crosssectional, random sample survey of primary school children from 32 schools in Brisbane. Interviews and house audits were conducted between July 2000 and April 2003 to collect information on SES (income, employment and education) and previously identified household hazards.
Results: There was evidence of a relationship between prevalence of household environmental hazards and household SES; however, the magnitude and direction of this relationship appeared to be hazard-specific. Household income was related to play equipment characteristics, with higher SES groups being more likely to be exposed to risk. All three SES indicators were associated with differences in the home safety characteristics, with the lower SES groups more likely to be exposed to risk.
Conclusion: The differential distribution of environmental risk factors by SES of household may help explain the SES differential in the burden of injury and provides opportunities for focusing efforts to address the problem.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Grant Details: NHMRC/102497
Source of Publication: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(6), p. 514-518
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1753-6405
Field of Research (FOR): 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
111404 Reproduction
111716 Preventive Medicine
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920409 Injury Control
920114 Reproductive System and Disorders
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Rural Medicine

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