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Title: Pollinator Deception in the Orchid Mantis
Contributor(s): O'Hanlon, James C  (author)orcid ; Holwell, Gregory I (author); Herberstein, Marie E (author)
Publication Date: 2014-01
Early Online Version: 2013-09-23
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1086/673858Open Access Link
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Abstract: Mimicry has evolved in contexts such as camouflage, predator deterrence, luring of prey, and pollinator attraction. Mimicry of flowers has until now been demonstrated only in angiosperms, yet it has been hypothesized that the Malaysian orchid mantis Hymenopus coronatus mimics a flower to attract pollinators as prey. Despite the popularity of this charismatic insect, this long-discussed hypothesis has never been experimentally investigated. We found that, as predicted for mimicry, the color of H. coronatus is indistinguishable from the color of sympatric flowers for hymenopteran pollinators. Field experiments show that isolated mantises attract wild pollinators at a rate even higher than flowers and capture these pollinators as prey items. After more than a century of conjecture, we provide the first experimental evidence of pollinator deception in the orchid mantis and the first description of a unique predatory strategy that has not been documented in any other animal species.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: The American Naturalist, 183(1), p. 126-132
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0003-0147
Field of Research (FOR): 060899 Zoology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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