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Title: Artefact Disturbance in the New England Tablelands: Elucidating the Factors Harming Archaeological Sites
Contributor(s): Howard, Paul (author); Beck, Wendy  (supervisor); Ridges, Malcolm  (supervisor)
Conferred Date: 2017-04-08
Copyright Date: 2016-06-14
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: Archaeological experimental studies have been conducted on taphonomic and artefact disturbances worldwide. Studies conducted have addressed various disturbance factors such as wind, water, animal activity, and human impact independently of one another. Generally, these studies were on a small scale with regard to the geographic range and environmental contexts covered. Additionally, no mitigation or site extent analyses have been conducted that would facilitate the management of moving and missing artefacts. The experiment was spread out over five locations in the New England Tablelands in NSW. These locations were at Barley Fields, Uralla, Kirby Farm and the University of New England Deer Park Armidale, Big Llangothlin, Llangothlin and Laura Creek west of Guyra. All locations experienced varying degrees of disturbance due to livestock, kangaroos, deer, rabbits, different slope gradient, soil, vegetation and human activity. Movement, breakage, and disappearance were common artefact disturbances in the New England Tablelands within a short six month period. Artefacts that were nor moved or moved up to seven metres experienced some breakage in less than a month, some artefacts had disappeared and some of these reappeared because of animal or human activity and environmental changes. One focus of the study was to investigate the effects of slopes on artefact movements over time. The degree of slope gradient was found not to be as significant to artefact movement as previously thought; rather, movement was due mostly to other post-depositional processes, which are discussed in this thesis. Archaeologists need to consider the potential post-depositional disturbances when determining the extremities of a stone artefact scatter. From a cultural resource management perspective it is more likely that sites recorded without these considerations may be more difficult to locate when the site is revisited for construction.
Publication Type: Thesis Masters Research
Field of Research (FoR): 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology
210301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History
219999 History and Archaeology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Determinants of Health
950503 Understanding Australias Past
950302 Conserving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage
HERDC Category Description: T1 Thesis - Masters Degree by Research
Appears in Collections:School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
Thesis Masters Research

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