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Title: Head to Head: the case for combative behaviour in Megaloceros giganteus
Contributor(s): Klinkhamer, Ada J  (author); Woodley, Nicholas (author); Neenan, James M (author); Parr, William C H (author); Clausen, Philip (author); Sanchez-Villagra, Marcelo R (author); Lister, Adrian (author); Wroe, Stephen  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2019-09-19
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.25952/5d830b0e4a734Open Access Link
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Fields of Research (FOR): 049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 310999 Zoology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280107 Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
Abstract/Context: The largest antlers of any known deer species belonged to the extinct giant Megaloceros giganteus. It has been argued that their antlers were too large for use in fighting, instead being used only in ritualised displays to attract mates. Here we used finite element analysis (FEA) to test whether the antlers of M. giganteus could have withstood forces generated during fighting behaviour. We compared the mechanical performance of antlers in M. giganteus with three extant deer species: red deer (Cervus elaphus), fallow deer (Dama dama), and moose (Alces alces). Von Mises stress results suggest that M. giganteus was capable of withstanding some fighting loads, provided that their antlers interlocked proximally, and that it was best-adapted for withstanding loads from twisting rather than pushing actions, as were other deer with palmate antlers. We conclude that fighting in M. giganteus was likely more constrained and predictable than in extant deer.
Publication Type: Dataset
Grant Details: ARC/DP130100375
Keywords: Megloceros
finite element analysis
HERDC Category Description: X Dataset
Primary Contact Details: Stephen Wroe -
Dataset Custodian Details: Stephen Wroe -
Appears in Collections:Dataset
School of Environmental and Rural Science

Files in This Item:
4 files
File Description SizeFormat 
opendataset/Cervus elaphusDama178.12 MBUnknownView/Open
opendataset/Alces alcesAlces160.67 MBUnknownView/Open
opendataset/Megaloceros giganteusMegalocerus154.68 MBUnknownView/Open
opendataset/Dama damaCervus142.2 MBUnknownView/Open
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