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Title: Solution-focused court programs for mentally impaired offenders: What works?
Contributor(s): Edgely, Michelle  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2013-04
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Abstract: Solution-focused courts for mentally impaired offenders have proliferated in the United States and Australia. A growing body of research shows that these courts can indeed succeed in reducing recidivism among mentally impaired offenders, at least in the short term. But the evaluative research does not reveal which elements of solution-focused courts are responsible for achieving that effect. This article discusses the research into "what works" with mentally impaired offenders in the solution-focused context. It is argued that, with growing pressure on resources and the move to mainstream solution-focused approaches in courts, it is important to understand which features are efficacious, so that evidence-based practices can be implemented. Various aspects of solution-focused programs are examined, including the efficacy of competing rehabilitative models, voluntary participation by offenders (as leveraged by the prospect of a reduced sentence), the role of the judicial officer, rewards and sanctions, multidisciplinary collaboration, and the provision of services. Finally, this article considers which mentally impaired offenders are most likely to benefit from a solution-focused approach.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Judicial Administration, 22(4), p. 207-223
Publisher: Lawbook Co
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1036-7918
Field of Research (FOR): 180121 Legal Practice, Lawyering and the Legal Profession
180110 Criminal Law and Procedure
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 940499 Justice and the Law not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Law

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