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Title: The Australian Natural Disaster Resilience Index: Annual project report 2014-2015
Contributor(s): Morley, Phil  (author); Parsons, Melissa  (author)orcid ; Marshall, Graham  (author); Hastings, Peter (author); Glavac, Sonya  (author); Stayner, Richard  (author); McNeill, Judith  (author); McGregor, James  (author); Reeve, Ian  (author)
Publication Date: 2015-11
Open Access: Yes
Handle Link:
Open Access Link: Access Link
Abstract: What is the Problem?
In 2010, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) adopted resilience as one of the key guiding principles for making the nation safer. The National Strategy for Disaster Resilience (Australian Government 2011) outlines how Australia should aim to improve social and community resilience with the view that resilient communities are in a much better position to withstand adversity and to recover more quickly from extreme events. The recent Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 also uses resilience as a key concept and calls for a people centred, multi-hazard, multi-sectoral approach to disaster risk reduction. As such each tier of government, emergency services and related NGOs have a distinct need to be able assess and monitor the ability to prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from disasters as well as a clear baseline condition from which to measure progress.
Why is it Important?
Society has always been susceptible to extreme events. While the occurrence of these events generally cannot be prevented; the risks can often be minimised and the impacts on affected populations and property reduced. For people and communities, the capacity to cope with, adapt to, learn from, and where needed transform behaviour and social structures in response to an event and its aftermath all reduce the impact of the disaster (Maguire and Cartwright, 2008) and can broadly be considered resilience. Improving resilience at various scales and thereby reducing the effects of natural hazards has increasingly become a key goal of governments, organisations and communities within Australia and internationally.
How are we going to solve it?
The Australian Natural Disaster Resilience Index project intends to produce a spatial representation of the current state of disaster resilience across Australia. The index will be composed of multiple levels of information that can be reported separately and represented as colour-coded maps where each point will have a corresponding set of information about natural hazard resilience. Spatially explicit capture of data (i.e. in a Geographical Information System) will facilitate seamless integration with other types of information and mapping and allow the use of the project outcomes in the preparation, prevention and recovery spheres. Additionally, the index and indicators will be drawn together as a State of Disaster Resilience Report which will interpret resilience at multiple levels and highlight hotspots of high and low elements of natural hazard resilience.
Publication Type: Report
Publisher: Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC
Place of Publication: Melbourne, Australia
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 040699 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 370999 Physical geography and environmental geoscience not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 961005 Natural Hazards in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 190401 Climatological hazards (e.g. extreme temperatures, drought and wildfires)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: R1 Report
Publisher/associated links:
Extent of Pages: 24
Appears in Collections:Institute for Rural Futures
School of Environmental and Rural Science
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
School of Psychology

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