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Title: The association amongst visual, hearing, and dual sensory loss with depression and anxiety over 6 years: The Tromso Study
Contributor(s): Cosh, S  (author)orcid ; von Hanno, T (author); Helmer, C (author); Bertelsen, G (author); Delcourt, C (author); Schirmer, H (author); Cougnard‐Gregoire, Audrey (author); Dawes, Piers (author); Constantinidou, Fofi (author); Ikram, M Arfan (author); Klaver, Caroline C W (author); Leroi, Iracema (author); Maharani, Asri (author); Meester‐Smor, Magda (author); Mutlu, Unal (author); Nael, Virginie (author); Pendleton, Neil (author); Tampubolon, Gindo (author); Tiemeier, Henning (author)
Corporate Author: Sense-Cog Consortium
Publication Date: 2018-04
Early Online Version: 2017-11-28
DOI: 10.1002/gps.4827
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Abstract: Objective: To examine the longitudinal association of dual and single (vision and hearing) sensory loss on symptoms of depression and anxiety in older adults. Methods: Two thousand eight hundred ninety adults aged 60 years or over who participated in the longitudinal population-based Tromso Study, Norway, were included. The impact of objective vision loss, self-report hearing loss, or dual sensory loss on symptoms of depression and anxiety, as assessed by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist 10, was examined at baseline and 6-year follow-up using linear mixed models. Results: Hearing loss had a cross-sectional relationship with increased depression (b = 0.1750, SE = 0.07, P = .02) and anxiety symptoms (b = 0.1765, SE = 0.08, P = .03); however, these relationships were not significant at the 6-year follow-up. Both vision loss only and dual sensory loss predicted increased depression scores at follow-up (b = 0.0220, SE = 0.01, P = .03; and b = 0.0413, SE = 0.02, P = .01, respectively). Adjustment for social isolation did not attenuate the main depression results. Conclusion: Dual sensory loss resulted in increased depression symptomatology over time and posed an additional long-term risk to depression severity beyond having a single sensory loss only. Only hearing loss is associated with anxiety symptoms. Older adults with vision, hearing, and dual sensory loss have different mental health profiles. Therefore, management and intervention should be tailored to the type of sensory loss.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 33(4), p. 598-605
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0885-6230
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111714 Mental Health
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520106 Psychology of ageing
520101 Child and adolescent development
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920502 Health Related to Ageing
920107 Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders
920410 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200502 Health related to ageing
200409 Mental health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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