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Title: Bidirectional associations of vision and hearing loss with anxiety: prospective findings from the Three-City Study
Contributor(s): Cosh, Suzanne  (author)orcid ; Nael, V (author); Carriere, I (author); Daiens, V (author); Amieva, H (author); Delcourt, C (author); Helmer, C (author); Bertelsen, Geir (author); Cougnard‐Gregoire, Audrey (author); Dawes, Piers (author); Constantinidou, Fofi (author); Ikram, M Arfan (author); Klaver, Caroline C W (author); Leroi, Iracema (author); Maharani, Asri (author); Meester‐Smor, Magda (author); Mutlu, Unal (author); Pendleton, Neil (author); Schirmer, Henrik (author); Tampubolon, Gindo (author); Tiemeier, Henning (author); von Hanno, Therese (author)
Corporate Author: SENSE-Cog
Publication Date: 2018-07
Early Online Version: 2018-05-03
DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy062
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Abstract: Objective: the aim of this study was to examine the bidirectional association of vision loss (VL) and hearing loss (HL) with anxiety over a 12-year period. Design: this was a prospective population-based study. Setting: community-dwelling French adults. Participants: the study included 3,928 adults aged 65 and above from the Three-City study. Methods: the relationships of VL, as assessed by near visual acuity and self-reported HL to a diagnosis of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) were assessed over 12 years. A further objective was to explore whether sensory loss has a differential relationship with GAD than with anxiety symptoms, assessed by the Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results: at baseline, HL [odds ratio (OR) = 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.96, P = 0.04], but not mild or moderate to severe VL, was associated with self-reported anxiety symptoms (OR = 1.07 95% CI 0.63-1.83, P = 0.80; OR = 0.66 95% CI 0.12-2.22, P = 0.50, respectively). Neither vision nor HL was significantly associated with incident GAD. Baseline GAD was related to increased risk of incident HL (OR = 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.28, P < 0.001), but not mild or moderate to severe vision loss (OR = 1.01, 95% CI 0.96-1.06, P = 0.81; OR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.89-1.05, P = 0.45, respectively). Conclusions: increased anxiety symptoms were observed in older adults with HL, whereas we found no evidence for an association between VL and anxiety. Anxiety was prospectively associated with increased risk of reporting HL. Improved detection of anxiety in older adults with HL may improve quality of life.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Age and Ageing, 47(4), p. 582-589
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1468-2834
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111714 Mental Health
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920502 Health Related to Ageing
920107 Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200502 Health related to ageing
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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