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Title: Genotype x birth type or rearing-type interactions for growth and ultrasound scanning traits in Merino sheep
Contributor(s): Dakhlan, A (author); Moghaddar, N  (author)orcid ; van der Werf, J H J  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2019-05
Early Online Version: 2018-08-01
DOI: 10.1071/AN17464
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Abstract: This study explores the interaction between genetic potential for growth in Merino lambs and their birth type (BT) or rearing type (RT). Data on birthweight (BWT), weaning weight (WWT), post-weaning weight (PWWT), scan fat (PFAT) and eye muscle depth (PEMD) were used from 3920 single and 4492 twin-born lambs from 285 sires and 5279 dams. Univariate analysis showed a significant sire x BT interaction accounting for 1.59% and 2.49% of the phenotypic variation for BWT and WWT, respectively, and no significant effect for PWWT, PFAT and PEMD. Sire x RT interaction effects were much smaller and only significant for PEMD. Bivariate analysis indicated that the genetic correlation (rg) between trait expression in lambs born and reared as singles versus those born and reared as twins were high for BWT, WWT, PWWT (0.91 ± 0.02 - 0.96 ± 0.01), whereas rg for PFAT and PEMD were lower (0.81 ± 0.03 and 0.86 ± 0.02). The rg between traits expressed in lambs born and reared as singles versus those born as twins but reared as singles were lower: 0.77 ± 0.08, 0.88 ± 0.03, 0.66 ± 0.06 and 0.61 ± 0.08 for WWT, PWWT, PFAT and PEMD, respectively. A different RT only affected the expression of breeding values for PFAT and PEMD (rg 0.62 ± 0.04 and 0.47 ± 0.03, respectively). This study showed genotype x environment interaction for BWT and WWT (sire x BT interaction) and for PEMD (sire by RT interaction). However, sires' breeding value of a model that accounts for sire x BT interaction provides a very similar ranking of sires compared with a model that ignores it, implying that there is no need to correct for the effect in models for genetic evaluation.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Animal Production Science, 59(6), p. 1016-1021
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1836-0939
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 830310 Sheep - Meat
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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