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Title: Anxiety and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: a Review
Contributor(s): Tully, Phillip J  (author)orcid ; Harrison, Nathan J (author); Cheung, Peter (author); Cosh, Suzanne  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2016-12
Early Online Version: 2016-10-31
DOI: 10.1007/s11886-016-0800-3
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Abstract: Unrecognized anxiety is a difficult clinical presentation in cardiology. Anxiety leads to recurring emergency department visits and the need for numerous diagnostic evaluations to rule out cardiovascular disease (CVD). This review focuses broadly on anxiety and its sub-types in relation to the onset and progression of CVD while describing helpful guidelines to better identify and treat anxiety. Potential mechanisms of cardiopathogenesis are also described. An emerging literature demonstrates that anxiety disorders increase the risk for incident CVD but a causal relationship has not been demonstrated. Anxiety portends adverse prognosis in persons with established CVD that is independent from depression. The level of clinical priority received by depression should be extended to research and clinical intervention efforts in anxiety. Anxiety holds direct relevance for uncovering mechanisms of cardiopathogenesis, developing novel therapeutic strategies, and initiating clinical interventions in the population at risk of developing heart disease, or those already diagnosed with CVD.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Grant Details: NHMRC/1053578
Source of Publication: Current Cardiology Reports, 18(120), p. 1-8
Publisher: Springer Healthcare
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1534-3170
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111714 Mental Health
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520304 Health psychology
320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases
920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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