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Title: Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Social Anxiety
Contributor(s): Chesham, Rachel K  (author); Malouff, John M  (author); Schutte, Nicola S  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2018-09
Early Online Version: 2018-06-18
DOI: 10.1017/bec.2018.15
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Abstract: Social anxiety is a common, debilitating psychological problem. In the present study, two meta-analyses examined the efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy for social anxiety. The first meta-analysis tested whether virtual reality exposure therapy reduces social anxiety more than a wait-list control condition. The results of the first meta-analysis, consisting of six studies and 233 participants, showed a significant overall effect size, indicating that virtual reality exposure therapy was effective in reducing social anxiety. The second meta-analysis tested whether the standard treatment for social anxiety, which includes in vivo or imaginal exposure, leads to greater effects than virtual reality exposure therapy. The second meta-analysis, consisting of seven studies and 340 total participants, showed essentially no difference in effect sizes between virtual reality exposure and in vivo or imaginal exposure. The results of the two meta-analyses support the use of virtual reality in the treatment of social anxiety.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Behaviour Change, 35(3), p. 152-166
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0813-4839
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520304 Health psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920401 Behaviour and Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200401 Behaviour and health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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