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Title: Rapid measurement of pasture evapotranspiration components using proximal sensors
Contributor(s): Alam, Muhammad Shahinur (author); Lamb, David W  (supervisor); Rahman, Muhammad Moshiur  (supervisor)orcid 
Publication Date: 2018
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: Evapotranspiration (ET) is the total amount of water released by a crop or pasture canopy in the form of Transpiration (T) and Evaporation (E). ET accounts for up to 96% of the water loss depending on the types of vegetation cover and climatic conditions (Wilcox et al., 2003). Transpiration is related to the productivity of crops and pasture; whereas, evaporation is the loss of water directly from soil surface. Estimating separately the components of ET in the field is challenging yet it is highly significant in terms of improving crop water use and irrigation efficiency, since a anywhere between 30 and 80% of the water flux can be associated with the all important evaporation component (Wilcox et al., 2003). Sap flow monitoring, using micro-lysimeters or isotopic analysis are the usual options for separately measuring transpiration and evaporation in plants but these are incompatible with in-situ field deployment. In this study a portable and convenient method for separately determining the evapotranspiration components has been developed. When coupled with widely-used active optical sensors, the device can be used to develop, in-situ, relationships between spectro-optical indices such as NDVI and evapotranspiration coefficients (Kc, Kcb and Ke) that characterize actual ET water loss relative to evaporative demand.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: 21st Symposium on Precision Agriculture in Australasia
Conference Details: 21st Precision Agriculture Symposium, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 10th - 11th Septemner, 2018
Source of Publication: 21st Precision Agriculture Symposium Proceedings, p. 78-79
Publisher: Society of Precision Agriculture Australia (SPAA)
Place of Publication: online
Field of Research (FOR): 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
070304 Crop and Pasture Biomass and Bioproducts
070399 Crop and Pasture Production not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 960303 Climate Change Models
829805 Management of Water Consumption by Plant Production
830406 Sown Pastures (excl. Lucerne)
HERDC Category Description: E2 Non-Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication
Appears in Collections:Conference Publication
School of Science and Technology

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