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Title: Early childhood education and early childhood development: Do the differences matter?
Contributor(s): Sims, Margaret  (author)orcid ; Brettig, Karl (author)
Publication Date: 2018
DOI: 10.1177/1757743818771986
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Abstract: In many Western nations (an area of the world identified by Connell as the Global North), the early childhood sector has positioned itself within the education discourse. This positioning brings along with it the neo-liberal agenda in relation to education - i.e. that education’s key aim is the preparation of employable future employees (children as human capital). Along with this is the increasing imposition of employer-identified skills and knowledges on the curriculum in order to shape children, through education, into the ‘right’ attitudes, dispositions and knowledges. Thus, early childhood education has become increasingly subject to external accreditation, whereby services are evaluated based on their adherence to predetermined standards. Early childhood educators’ work has increasingly required the operation of a panoptic view of children, whose every behaviour is observed, recorded and judged. The authors argue that such standards, in some contexts, act as barriers to effective service delivery and present examples of work from the Global South, demonstrating how an early childhood development focus facilitates a holistic approach to early childhood service delivery. The authors demonstrate how that development focus can be operationalised in the Global North and suggest that, as the sector proceeds towards professionalisation, it needs to consider its direction.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Power and Education, 10(3), p. 275-287
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1757-7438
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 130102 Early Childhood Education (excl. Maori)
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 390302 Early childhood education
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 930501 Education and Training Systems Policies and Development
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 160205 Policies and development
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Education

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