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Title: Vicarious Reinforcement
Contributor(s): Malouff, John Michael  (author); Rooke, Sally Erin  (author)
Publication Date: 2008
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Abstract: Vicarious Reinforcement occurs when (a) an individual observes another person (a model) behave in a certain way and experience a consequence perceived as desirable by the observer, and (b) as a result, the observer behaves as the model did. For example, suppose a shy child at school observes another student being praised for speaking up in class. The observed student is the reinforced model. If the shy child would like to be praised by the teacher and therefore personally speaks up in class in the future, vicarious reinforcement has occurred. Educators commonly use vicarious reinforcement to shape the behavior of students.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: Encyclopedia of Educational Psychology, v.2, p. 1000-1002
Publisher: Sage Publications
Place of Publication: Thousand Oaks, United States
ISBN: 9781412916882
Field of Research (FOR): 170103 Educational Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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