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Title: Semantic primes and conceptual ontology
Contributor(s): Goddard, Cliff  (author)
Publication Date: 2007
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Abstract: The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) approach to language analysis, originated by Anna Wierzbicka (1972, 1996; Goddard and Wierzbicka 1994, 2002), claims to have identified some 65 universal semantic primes. As explained below, they can be grouped in various ways, using syntactic and/or "thematic" criteria. The present study concentrates on a set of primes which may be termed "substantive", and which form the foundation of the nominal lexicon. After an introduction in Section 1., Section 2. gives an account of the NSM substantive primes. Section 3. addresses the question of how major divisions within the nominal vocabulary are constructed either exclusively from semantic primes, or from primes in combination with semantic molecules. Concluding remarks form Section 4.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Ontolinguistics: how ontological status shapes the linguistic coding of concepts, p. 145-173
Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter
Place of Publication: Berlin, Germany
ISBN: 9783110189971
Field of Research (FOR): 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics)
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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Series Name: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM]
Series Number : 176
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Appears in Collections:Book Chapter

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