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Title: Rectification of Documents: Removing Unnecessary Complexity
Contributor(s): Tarrant, John Patrick (author); Varayudej, Same  (supervisor)orcid ; Stuckey, Michael  (supervisor); Magner, Eilis (supervisor)
Conferred Date: 2017
Copyright Date: 2017
Open Access: No
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Abstract: Within the equitable doctrine of rectification, a distinction between common or mutual mistake and unilateral mistake is currently adopted by courts, litigants and scholars. Based on this distinction the focus of a court is to identify who made a mistake and who had knowledge of any mistake. This approach is unhelpful and has led to unnecessary complexity which has been identified by judges and scholars in several recent cases in England and Australia. In addition, the boundary between common law construction and the equitable doctrine of rectification has become less clear. To address the complexity of the law and the uncertain boundary between construction and rectification this thesis examines the scope of the common law approach to construction, identifies the current law relating to when rectification will be granted, outlines in what ways is it difficult to reconcile the current case law, and explains where the law of rectification went wrong. After addressing those matters the thesis explains how the case law on the equitable doctrine of rectification needs to be restated, in accordance with principles established in earlier case law, so that the law is coherent and principled. This provides a comprehensive solution to the uncertainty and complexity in the law of rectification. The solution includes arguing that the distinction between common or mutual mistake and unilateral mistake should be rejected and that the correct distinction is between two different types of mistakes: mistakes made in the recording of agreements and mistakes made during the formation of agreements. In addition, courts in recent decades have focused on the intention of the parties rather than on agreements made by contracting parties. It is argued that a focus on the type of mistake made, and a focus on agreements rather than intentions, will remove the current complexity and uncertainty in the law of rectification that has emerged in recent cases.
Publication Type: Thesis Doctoral
Field of Research (FoR): 180105 Commercial and Contract Law
180109 Corporations and Associations Law
180106 Comparative Law
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 940405 Law Reform
940407 Legislation, Civil and Criminal Codes
900101 Finance Services
Rights Statement: Copyright 2017 - John Patrick Tarrant
Open Access Embargo: 2019-10-29
HERDC Category Description: T2 Thesis - Doctorate by Research
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Appears in Collections:School of Law
Thesis Doctoral

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