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Title: Familiarity affects collective motion in shoals of guppies ('Poecilia reticulata')
Contributor(s): Davis, Scarlet (author); Lukeman, Ryan (author); Schaerf, Timothy  (author)orcid ; Ward, Ashley J W (author)
Publication Date: 2017
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170312Open Access Link
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Abstract: The coordinated and synchronized movement of animals in groups often referred to as collective motion emerges through the interactions between individual animals within the group. Factors which affect these interactions have the potential to shape collective movement. One such factor is familiarity, or the tendency to bias behaviour towards individuals as a result of social recognition. We examined the effect of familiarity on the expression of collective motion in small shoals of female guppies ('Poecilia reticulata'). Groups comprising familiar individuals were more strongly polarized than groups of unfamiliar individuals, particularly when in novel surroundings. The ability to form more strongly polarized shoals potentially promotes information transfer and enhances the anti-predator benefits of grouping.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Royal Society Open Science, 4(9), p. 1-7
Publisher: Royal Society Publishing
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 2054-2704
Field of Research (FOR): 060801 Animal Behaviour
010202 Biological Mathematics
060201 Behavioural Ecology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
970101 Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Science and Technology

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