Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/22499
Title: Does reintroducing large wood influence the hydraulic landscape of a lowland river system?
Contributor(s): Matheson, Adrian (author); Thoms, Martin (author)orcid ; Reid, Michael (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.03.035
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/22499
Abstract: Our understanding of the effectiveness of reintroduced large wood for restoration is largely based on studies from high energy river systems. By contrast, few studies of the effectiveness of reintroducing large wood have been undertaken on large, low energy, lowland river systems: river systems where large wood is a significant physical feature on the in-channel environment. This study investigated the effect of reintroduced large wood on the hydraulic landscape of the Barwon-Darling River, Australia, at low flows. To achieve this, the study compared three hydraulic landscapes of replicated reference (naturally wooded), control (unwooded,) and managed (wood reintroduced) treatments on three low flow periods. These time periods were prior to the reintroduction of large wood to managed reaches; several months after the reintroduction of large wood into the managed reaches; and then more than four years after wood reintroduction following several large flood events. Hydraulic landscapes of reaches were characterised using a range of spatial measures calculated from velocity measurements taken with a boat-mounted Acoustic Doppler Profiler. We hypothesised that reintroduced large wood would increase the diversity of the hydraulic landscape at low flows and that managed reaches would be more similar to the reference reaches. Our results suggest that the reintroduction of large wood did not significantly change the character of the hydraulic landscape at the reach scale after several months (p = 0.16) or several years (p = 0.29). Overall, the character of the hydraulic landscape in the managed reaches was more similar to the hydraulic landscape of the control reaches than the hydraulic landscape of the reference reaches, at low flows. Some variability in the hydraulic landscapes was detected over time, and this may reflect reworking of riverbed sediments and sensitivity to variation in discharge. The lack of a response in the low flow hydraulic landscape to the reintroduction of large wood is inferred because the character (the size and complexity of individual pieces) and positioning of large wood in managed reaches did not mimic that of reference reaches effectively despite the abundance of wood pieces being similar in the reference and managed reaches. The results of this study highlight the importance of understanding the natural character and distribution of large wood on hydraulic landscapes in large low energy lowland river systems, especially when reintroducing large wood for river management purposes.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Geomorphology, v.292, p. 128-141
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1872-695X
0169-555X
Field of Research (FOR): 040607 Surface Processes
040601 Geomorphology and Regolith and Landscape Evolution
040699 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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