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Title: High-resolution association mapping of number of teats in pigs reveals regions controlling vertebral development
Contributor(s): Duijvesteijn, Naomi  (author); Veltmaat, Jacqueline M (author); Knol, Egbert F (author); Harlizius, Barbara (author)
Publication Date: 2014
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-542Open Access Link
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Abstract: Background: Selection pressure on the number of teats has been applied to be able to provide enough teats for the increase in litter size in pigs. Although many QTL were reported, they cover large chromosomal regions and the functional mutations and their underlying biological mechanisms have not yet been identified. To gain a better insight in the genetic architecture of the trait number of teats, we performed a genome-wide association study by genotyping 936 Large White pigs using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 Beadchip. The analysis is based on deregressed breeding values to account for the dense family structure and a Bayesian approach for estimation of the SNP effects. Results: The genome-wide association study resulted in 212 significant SNPs. In total, 39 QTL regions were defined including 170 SNPs on 13 'Sus scrofa' chromosomes (SSC) of which 5 regions on SSC7, 9, 10, 12 and 14 were highly significant. All significantly associated regions together explain 9.5% of the genetic variance where a QTL on SSC7 explains the most genetic variance (2.5%). For the five highly significant QTL regions, a search for candidate genes was performed. The most convincing candidate genes were VRTN and Prox2 on SSC7, MPP7, ARMC4, and MKX on SSC10, and vertebrae δ-EF1 on SSC12. All three QTL contain candidate genes which are known to be associated with vertebral development. In the new QTL regions on SSC9 and SSC14, no obvious candidate genes were identified. Conclusions: Five major QTL were found at high resolution on SSC7, 9, 10, 12, and 14 of which the QTL on SSC9 and SSC14 are the first ones to be reported on these chromosomes. The significant SNPs found in this study could be used in selection to increase number of teats in pigs, so that the increasing number of live-born piglets can be nursed by the sow. This study points to common genetic mechanisms regulating number of vertebrae and number of teats.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: BMC Genomics, v.15, p. 1-12
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1471-2164
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
070202 Animal Growth and Development
070206 Animal Reproduction
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 830308 Pigs
830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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