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Title: Vulnerability and impacts of climate change on forest and freshwater wetland ecosystems in Nepal: A review
Contributor(s): Lamsal, Pramod (author); Kumar, Lalit  (author)orcid ; Atreya, Kishor (author); Pant, Krishna Prasad (author)
Publication Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0923-9
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Abstract: Climate change (CC) threatens ecosystems in both developed and developing countries. As the impacts of CC are pervasive, global, and mostly irreversible, it is gaining worldwide attention. Here we review vulnerability and impacts of CC on forest and freshwater wetland ecosystems. We particularly look at investigations undertaken at different geographic regions in order to identify existing knowledge gaps and possible implications from such vulnerability in the context of Nepal along with available adaptation programs and national-level policy supports. Different categories of impacts which are attributed to disrupting structure, function, and habitat of both forest and wetland ecosystems are identified and discussed. We show that though still unaccounted, many facets of forest and freshwater wetland ecosystems of Nepal are vulnerable and likely to be impacted by CC in the near future. Provisioning ecosystem services and landscape-level ecosystem conservation are anticipated to be highly threatened with future CC. Finally, the need for prioritizing CC research in Nepal is highlighted to close the existing knowledge gap along with the implementation of adaptation measures based on existing location specific traditional socio-ecological system.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Ambio, 46(8), p. 915-930
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISSN: 1654-7209
Field of Research (FOR): 050209 Natural Resource Management
050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 960310 Global Effects of Climate Change and Variability (excl. Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and the South Pacific) (excl. Social Impacts)
960305 Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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