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Title: Immune responses following experimental infection with 'Ascaridia galli' and necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens
Contributor(s): Ruhnke, Isabelle (author)orcid ; Andronicos, Nicholas (author)orcid ; Swick, Robert A (author)orcid ; Hine, Brad C (author); Sharma, Nisha (author); Kheravii, Sarbast K (author); Wu, Shubiao (author)orcid ; Hunt, Peter (author)
Publication Date: 2017
Open Access: No
DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2017.1330536
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Abstract: Broilers commonly suffer from necrotic enteritis (NE). Other gastrointestinal infectious diseases affect poultry, including nematode infections which are considered a re-emerging disease in barn and free-range systems. The aim of this study was to characterise the immune response of broilers after artificial infection with NE and contrast these with responses to the nematode 'Ascaridia galli' and determine whether immune parameters measured during the course of infection can be used to distinguish infected from uninfected birds. A total of 96 one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chickens were used in this study. At 10 days of age, broilers were randomly assigned to one of the following treatment groups: control birds (n = 32), 'A. galli' infected birds (n = 32), or necrotic enteritis infected birds (NE; n = 32) and inoculated with the appropriate infective agents. The immune response of birds was monitored through evaluation of haematology parameters, acute phase protein production, and intraepithelial intestinal lymphocyte population changes at 11, 16, 20 and 32 days of age. T-helper cells (CD4+CD8-) increased significantly over time, and were significantly higher in 'A. galli' and NE compared to day 10 controls. In conclusion, α-1 glycoprotein levels can distinguish birds with NE from other birds, inlcuding those infected with 'A. galli', also T-helper cell numbers can distinguish both NE and 'A. galli' from uninfected birds and thirdly, 10 days post infection is the best time point to evaluate the bird's immune response for 'A. galli' infections.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Avian Pathology, 46(6), p. 602-609
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0307-9457
Field of Research (FOR): 070203 Animal Management
070708 Veterinary Parasitology
070705 Veterinary Immunology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science
School of Science and Technology

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