Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/22240
Title: Measures of eastern quoll vocalisation extracted using PRAAT
Contributor(s): Dorph, Annalie (author); McDonald, Paul (supervisor)
Publication Date: 6-Jun-2017
Place of Publication: Armidale, NSW, Australia
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.4226/95/593744a094317
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/22240
Abstract: Defining an acoustic repertoire is essential to understanding vocal signalling and communicative interactions within a species. Currently, quantitative and statistical definition is lacking for the vocalisations of many dasyurids, an important group of small to medium-sized marsupials from Australasia that includes the eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus), a species of conservation concern. Beyond generating a better understanding of this species' social interactions, determining an acoustic repertoire will further improve detection rates and inference of vocalisations gathered by automated bioacoustic recorders. Hence, this study investigated eastern quoll vocalisations using objective signal processing techniques to quantitatively analyse spectrograms recorded from 15 different individuals. Recordings were collected from Secret Creek Sanctuary in Lithgow in conjunction with observations of the behaviours associated with each vocalisation to develop an acoustic-based behavioural repertoire for the species. Vocalisation measures were extracted using narrowband spectrograms (FFT method, window length 0.05 sec, dynamic range = 70 dB, time-steps = 1,000, frequency steps = 250, Gaussian window shape) produced in the program PRAAT (5.3.84 DSP Package). Source-related parameters using an autocorrelation method were used to detect the fundamental frequency (F0) contour from which measures of Duration, Median F0, Mean F0, Minimum F0, Maximum F0, Range of F0, Standard deviation of F0, Noise-to-Harmonics ratio, Jitter and Shimmer were extracted. Additionally intensity contours were extracted for each call to measure the Minimum amplitude, Maximum amplitude and Amplitude variation. Analysis of recordings produced a putative classification of five vocalisation types: Bark, Growl, Hiss, Cp-cp, and Chuck. These were most frequently observed during agonistic encounters between conspecifics, most likely as a graded sequence from Hisses occurring in a warning context through to Growls and finally Barks being given prior to, or during, physical confrontations between individuals. Quantitative and statistical methods were used to objectively establish the accuracy of these five putative call types. A multinomial logistic regression indicated a 97.27% correlation with the perceptual classification, demonstrating support for the five different vocalisation types. This putative classification was further supported by hierarchical cluster analysis and silhouette information that determined the optimal number of clusters to be five. Minor disparity between the objective and perceptual classifications was potentially the result of gradation between vocalisations, or subtle differences present within vocalisations not discernible to the human ear. The implication of these different vocalisations and their given context is discussed in relation to the ecology of the species and the potential application of passive acoustic monitoring techniques.
Publication Type: Dataset
License: CC BY: Attribution 3.0 AU
Other Funding Source: University of New England Student Reseach Fund
Keywords: Vocalisation
Acoustics
Marsupials
Bioacoustics
Eastern Quolls
Fields of Research (FOR): 060201 Behavioural Ecology
060801 Animal Behaviour
Location: northlimit=-33.465179897285; southlimit=-33.465681108231; westlimit=150.15136328581; eastLimit=150.15258637313; projection=WGS84
Secret Creek Sanctuary in Lithgow, NSW, Australia
Format: 1 .CSV
Access rights: Open
Access Rights: Open
Open Access Embargo: 2017-06-06
HERDC Category Description: X Dataset
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