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Title: Floral Morphology, Phenology and Pollination in the Wet Tropics
Contributor(s): Boulter, Sarah L (author); Kitching, Roger L (author); Gross, Caroline L  (author)orcid ; Goodall, Kylie L (author); Howlett, Bradley G (author)
Publication Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1002/9781444300321.ch17
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Abstract: The reproductive ecology of most flowering plant species is a complex response to evolutionary processes that exist between a plant and its visitor array (Wyatt 1983; Dukas 2001), phylogenetic constraints (Johnson & Steiner 2000), phenotypic plasticity (Rathcke and Lacey 1985; Miller & Diggle 2003) and how these factors may have changed over its evolutionary history (Feinsinger 1983). Ultimately these are expressed in the form of flower morphology, flowering phenology and the attraction of associated flower visitors. A plant's fitness depends upon its reproductive success, particularly in allogamous matings; thus pollination becomes of paramount importance within the wider field of floral biology. Several features of the Wet Tropics flora make it a potentially unique case study of reproductive ecology. First, rainforest dominates the bioregion's 1.8 million hectares (Sattler & Williams 1999). Second, the area has a high floristic diversity and a high species-to-area ratio (Myers et al. 2000; Metcalfe & Ford, Chapter 9, this volume). Third, the area has a high level of plant endemism (> 30%) (Metcalfe & Ford, Chapter 9, this volume). In addition, there is a high generic diversity, a high incidence of monotypic genera (Gross 2005; Metcalfe & Ford, Chapter 9, this volume) and a high diversity of woody, phylogenetically basal, angiosperms (Worboys & Jackes 2005).
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Living in a Dynamic Tropical Forest Landscape, p. 224-239
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Place of Publication: Carlton, Australia
ISBN: 9781405156431
Field of Research (FOR): 060202 Community Ecology (excl. Invasive Species Ecology)
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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