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Title: Attributions Toward Injury in a Military Physical Training Environment
Contributor(s): Thorsteinsson, Einar B (author)orcid ; Loi, Natasha (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1037/mil0000158
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Abstract: The effects of military culture on causal attributions in a physical training environment were examined. The participants were male Australian Defense Force (ADF) members: 49 physical training instructors (mean age 32.21 years) and 63 physical training participants (mean age 34.22 years). Participants filled out a questionnaire describing 3 injury scenarios, each with a different severity of injury. The participants assigned causal attributes on 4 dimensions: lack of ability, environmental condition, lack of effort, and bad luck. There were main effects for scenario (low, moderate, and high severity of injury) and group (physical training instructors and injured trainee). Military culture may therefore encourage attributions that are internal and unstable. The results demonstrate the significant effect of military context on normal attribution biases. Therefore when seeking explanation of causation, there is a need to be aware of the tendency for those involved to distort attributions and how these distortions may be affected by a military context.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Military Psychology, 29(4), p. 336-344
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1532-7876
Field of Research (FOR): 170113 Social and Community Psychology
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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